In 1994 at a cost of ca 200 mllion euros, the tallest pithead in the world went into operation in Göttelborn. So much money and hi-tech would surely save the coal-industry in Saarland. But it was not to be. Six years later all coal-mining in Göttelborn ceased. By the end of 2011 not a single chunk of coal will be produced in Saarland.